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Refresher on Basic Workplace Ergonomics

28 June 2021

The modern office is a complicated and ever-changing set of characteristics. It is continually evolving in reaction to new technologies as well as workforce and consumer demands. Even the notion of an office is evolving; today's office can be at a kitchen counter, in a café, or thousands of kilometers distant in another country.

Unlike many other principles that have gone out of fashion, ergonomics is not merely a passing fad. Some people seem to believe that ergonomic design is unimportant or that the way they have done things in the past is absolutely acceptable. The reality is that ergonomics should be a significant consideration for anyone who performs any work requiring them to sit or stand in the same position for long periods.

Optimizing office ergonomics is simple and gives substantial advantages: A higher level of employee comfort and productivity equates to a lower likelihood of work-related accidents. While issues such as the coronavirus demand immediate medical attention, your long-term health while sitting behind a desk is also vital. Working at a desk for long periods has been linked to health problems such as tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and injuries to the rotator cuff of your shoulder, as well as muscle strains in about any part of the body.

Define ergonomics

Ergonomics is defined as the design of the workplace and duties to accommodate the capacities of the working-age population. It is a never-ending search and ongoing endeavor to design the workplace around the physical requirements of the workforce.

Employees in offices work very long hours behind their workstations. Persistent strains can be caused by the monitor, laptop, chair, mouse, and any other equipment they use continuously. The purposes of ergonomics are to establish a good working environment in which the equipment design, workplace layouts, and working conditions match people's skills to live healthier and more productive lives. 

Differences in job roles and body sizes among employees are adjusted to reduce job difficulties, pain, and potential injuries. Aside from the preventive aspect of ergonomics, companies obtain a slew of other advantages. For starters, healthy employees use fewer sick days. They will also have higher morale, less stress, and work more productively for more extended periods.

Workplace injuries

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are soft-tissue injuries to the muscles, tendons, nerves, joints, ligaments, blood vessels, cartilage, or spinal discs that occur due to long-term exposure to low-level harmful agents known as risk factors. Limited exposure to these risk factors would not usually be dangerous, but sustained exposure to risk factors that surpass the body's ability to recover can result in a diminished ability to perform.

Awkward posture, high force, and long regularity are the three critical ergonomic potential causes of MSDs. A combo of postures, pressures, and repetitions raises the likelihood of acquiring an MSD.

Choosing ergonomic equipment

Whatever you require, you should search for options in the following areas:

  • Typing position support - Laptop risers and monitor arms raise your screen while also providing a more natural position for typing tasks. Another option is to purchase a wireless keyboard that also has wrist support.
  • Posture improvement - When working behind a desk, footrests, laptop risers, backrests, desk bikes, standing desks, and monitor stands and arms can help.

Understanding ergonomic concerns enable people to take steps to modify their own workspaces. The body, feet, hand, and eyes should be focused on whether you are using a conventional desk/chair or working on your laptop from anywhere.

Height-Adjustable Sit-Stand Desk

An ergonomic work desk should feature a height-adjustable worktop and a roomy surface area with plenty of room to do work. The best example is FlexiSpot's Adjustable Standing Desk Pro Series.

Ergonomic Office Chair

Your office chair should have dynamic seat-pan adjustable height, a tilting backrest, adjustable armrests, and lumbar support. See Soutien Ergonomic Office Chair.

Keyboard Tray

The keyboard should sit adequately, have a low profile, and tilt adjustment to achieve up to a 15° slope. Check this one out.

Input Device

Your mouse should have a lengthy cord for optimum placement or be wireless, be easy to move, and be effective to both left and right-handed individuals.

Monitor Stand / Monitor Arm

These are critical for your viewing comfort. These peripherals should be height-adjustable, and the weight of the computer screen should be equal to or greater than the weight of the stand or arm. Click here to check FlexiSpot's monitor accessories.


When working on a computer for prolonged periods, it is best to have an external keyboard and mouse, take frequent breaks, and vary your position as well.


Your task lamp should be adjustable and asymmetrical to eliminate shadows and glare areas. This one does not even need to occupy any space on your desk.

Final Word

Now would be an excellent opportunity to make an investment in your long-term health and wellness at work. FlexiSpot provides a solution to help increase your efficiency and achieve a more pleasant working position and posture, whether you work from the office, from home, or need to be productive while out and about. You can start configuring your workspace right away with items that tackle every area of workplace wellness and ergonomics.